Nepal, a nation renowned for its many cultures and customs, observes a number of festivals that are highly significant from a spiritual standpoint. One of them is Nag Panchami, a fascinating and distinctive event that honours serpentine deities. The festival of Nag Panchami, which falls on the fifth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Nepalese month of Shrawan (July-August), exemplifies the blending of traditional practises and modern holidays. Let’s explore the intriguing world of Nepal’s celebration of Nag Panchami.

The Significance of Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami centers around the veneration of snakes, considered divine beings in Hindu mythology. Snakes hold a prominent place in Indian and Nepali culture, symbolizing power, transformation, and fertility. The festival is a way of honoring these serpentine creatures, seeking their blessings, and protecting oneself from their potential harm.

Mythological Connections

Nag Panchami has its origins in a number of Hindu mythical tales. One such story is the Samudra Manthan (ocean churning) incident from the Puranas, where a pot of poison and other priceless valuables were discovered. In order to save the universe, Lord Shiva ate the poison, but this caused his throat to turn blue. On this day, worshippers pray to both snakes and Lord Shiva, who are both regarded as guardians.

Rituals and Celebrations

  • Snake Worship: On Nag Panchami, devotees pay homage to serpentine deities by visiting temples and presenting milk, flowers, and rice to statues or idols of snakes. The Nagpokhari (Snake Pond) in Kathmandu is the most well-known location for Nag Panchami celebrations in Nepal.
  • Serpent Drawings: Using a mixture of rice paste and cow dung, many houses decorate their thresholds with drawings of snake footprints. This is regarded as a good luck charm and a ward against evil spirits.
  • Prayers and Fasting: Devotees practise fasts and engage in rituals to ward off evil spirits and snakebite injuries. To please the Nag Devatas (Snake Deities), special pujas (prayer ceremonies) are held.
  • Vastu Shastra (Architectural Science): Nag Panchami also has a connection with Vastu Shastra, as people perform rituals to appease the Nag Devatas to ensure harmony and prosperity in their homes.
  • Cultural Events: Alongside traditional rituals, Nag Panchami is celebrated with cultural events, including fairs, exhibitions, and snake-related performances. These events add a festive atmosphere to the day.


Nag Panchami is a stunning representation of Nepal’s rich cultural heritage and the ingrained values that shape its people’s way of life. Communities in Nepal join together to honour the serpentine world and ask for blessings for security, prosperity, and harmony during the celebration of this festival. The festival keeps its historical relevance while embracing the spirit of modern celebrations as it develops.

Therefore, if you happen to be in Nepal during the month of Shrawan, take advantage of the opportunity to see the distinctive and fascinating Nag Panchami celebrations, which unite spirituality, culture, and community.