Ayurveda has strong historical origins that go back tens of thousands of years. However, there is one person who stands out as a pioneer and a guiding force in the development of Ayurvedic medicine within this age-old system of healing. The first Ayurvedic physician, whose legacy continues to influence the field of holistic care, is the subject of this blog post as we explore his life and contributions.

Sushruta: The Father of Ayurvedic Surgery:

As the venerated sage who created the basis for Ayurvedic surgery, Sushruta’s name reverberates through the ages. Sushruta is thought to have lived in ancient India approximately 600 BCE, during a time when philosophical, scientific, and intellectual interaction were thriving. He is frequently referred to as the “Father of Surgery,” and the “Sushruta Samhita,” his greatest work, is still regarded as a towering work of Ayurvedic literature.

Sushruta’s Contributions:

Sushruta’s legacy is woven into the fabric of Ayurvedic medicine, particularly in the realm of surgical procedures. His meticulous observations, teachings, and methods have not only shaped the course of Ayurvedic surgery but also left an indelible mark on medical practices worldwide. Some of his remarkable contributions include:

  • Classification of Surgery: Surgery is broken down into eight categories by Sushruta, including incision, excision, scraping, poking, probing, extraction, evacuation, and suturing. His methodical approach set the foundation for current surgical procedures.
  • Body System Knowledge and Anatomy: For his time, Sushruta’s descriptions of bodily systems and anatomy were extremely precise. His insights into human physiology helped us to comprehend the workings of the human body more fully.
  • Innovations in Plastic Surgery: Sushruta is credited with performing the earliest known plastic surgery treatments. Innovations in Plastic Surgery. He described the procedures for re-constructing lips, ears, and noses, giving future surgeons crucial direction.
  • Hygiene and Healing: Sushruta stressed the significance of cleanliness and hygiene in surgical procedures, arguing in favour of the use of sterilised tools and upholding a sterile environment.
  • Holistic Approach: Sushruta’s teachings went beyond the specifics of surgery. He adopted the comprehensive Ayurvedic teachings, viewing diet, lifestyle, and emotional health as essential elements of recovery.

Legacy and Modern Relevance:

In the realm of Ayurvedic medicine, Sushruta’s teachings are still relevant today, and his influence transcends national and cultural barriers. Practitioners today still abide by his emphasis on moral medical behaviour, careful observation, and a holistic approach. Ayurvedic education continues to be based on the Sushruta Samhita, which promotes respect for history and a dedication to healing.


As the founder of Ayurveda, Sushruta’s legacy demonstrates the enduring power of learning, creativity, and a dedication to holistic well-being. His efforts have paved the path for the blending of conventional medicine with ancient wisdom, demonstrating the applicability of Ayurveda in the modern era. We pay tribute to his pioneering spirit as we consider the path he forged for holistic care, a path that still sheds light on the way to health and enlightenment.